An anal fissure is a small cut in the skin that lines the anus. Mostly, you get fissures as a result of constipation that usually causes pain and bleeding with bowel movements. Surgery is not the only option to treat an anal fissure. There is a range of other traditional methods to treat the fissures. Generally, anal fissures heal themselves within a few weeks when constipation is treated and stools become soft.
To treat constipation and to keep stools soft, you must take care of the following things:
Add a huge amount of fibers in your diet. It helps to soften stools and regularize bowel movements. Generally, people need about 25 to 30 grams of fiber a day. You can have whole grains, fruits, nuts, and vegetables, as they are all good sources of dietary fiber.
You should drink plenty of fluids and hydrate yourself to get a healthy digestive system and hence, to avoid constipation and any possibility of fissures.
Regular exercise boosts blood circulation throughout your body, which may support in curing the fissure. Exercise is also helpful in getting normal bowel movements and avoiding constipation.
Try not to strain during bowel movements as it creates additional pressure that can reopen a fissure that's begun to heal or can create a new cut.
There are numerous medications that can be useful for the treatment of an anal fissure. Some medicated creams like lidocaine may help relieve discomfort as the fissure heals. In addition, some muscle relaxant like nitroglycerin ointment may widen blood vessels and increase blood circulation to the fissure and support healing,
Apart from these medications, your doctor may recommend a small dose of onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) injection into the anal sphincter, to paralyze the muscle for several months and allow the fissures to heal.
Consult your doctor to get information about the treatment for your anal fissure through laser and prevent constipation. Generally, a fissure can be cured permanently without traditional surgery or using a laser technique.