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Grade 2 Varicocele Treatment

If you have scrotal pain and testicular atrophy due to a varicocele, you should book a free appointment with our expert vascular doctors for Grade 2 varicocele treatment.

If you have scrotal pain and testicular atrophy due to a varicocele, you ... Read More

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    Dr. Amol Gosavi (Y3amsNWUyD)

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  • What is a Grade 2 Varicocele?

    Varicoceles are varicose veins present in the scrotal sac. They are a collection of inflamed or swollen veins that are formed due to abnormality in the blood flow in the scrotal veins. This abnormal blood flow causes the pooling of blood in the veins. Eventually, these veins turn into varicose veins.

    Grade 2 varicoceles start becoming visible and palpable for the patient. The patient can feel swelling in the scrotal region and, in some cases, can see it naturally. They can be diagnosed during a physical exam through a Valsalva maneuver.

    A Grade 2 varicocele can cause significant pain for the patient. Moreover, at this stage, the patient’s fertility is also affected noticeably. It can lead to reduced sperm proportion in the patient’s semen. In severe cases, it can even lead to permanent damage to the testicles, also known as testicular atrophy.

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    Pristyn Care - Best Healthcare Center for Grade 2 Varicocele Treatment

    Pristyn Care is one of the largest surgery care providers for a variety of treatments. At Pristyn Care, we provide advanced vascular treatments for varicose veins, varicocele, etc. We have tie-ups with some of the best hospitals in India. We also have expert vascular specialists on our team to help provide advanced vascular treatments.

    We provide a hassle-free treatment journey for patients who need surgical treatment. We provide auxiliary services, such as dedicated care coordinator, insurance assistance, appointment and hospitalization management, etc. We also provide cab service for pickup and drop-off on the day of the surgery, along with complimentary meals for the patient and their attendant during the hospitalization.

    Are you going through any of these symptoms?

    When is Grade 2 Varicocele Treatment Required?

    A grade 2 varicocele is when the varicocele actually starts becoming noticeable and starts causing severe symptoms. Though most patients prefer conservative management of symptoms at this time, surgical treatment may be necessary in severe cases.

    Surgical treatment for grade 2 varicocele may be required in the following cases:

    • The patient has a low sperm count or poor quality sperm in sperm, leading to infertility
    • The varicocele is causing severe pain and discomfort to the patient
    • There is a chance of varicocele getting worse and causing testicular atrophy in the patient.

    If left untreated, varicocele can lead to low testosterone and its associated complications like metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and osteoporosis.

    How is Grade 2 Varicocele Treated?

    If the patient has mild to moderate pain, or if their fertility isn’t being impacted, then the patient may need only conservative management for their symptoms. Conservative symptomatic management includes applying ice packs to reduce swelling, using over-the-counter pain medications for pain management, and wearing tight-fitting underwear to prevent irregular blood flow and pooling.

    In cases where varicocele removal is necessary, the patient can undergo the following procedures:

    • Percutaneous embolization: It is a non-surgical procedure during which the surgeon blocks the blood flow to the varicose veins to block blood flow through them. For this procedure, the surgeon inserts a coil or solution through the groin region that scars the vein and blocks the opening of the varicose veins.
    • Open varicocelectomy: For open varicocelectomy, the surgeon creates an incision directly on the scrotum, groin, or lower abdomen. They directly locate and tie off the varicose blood vessels through the incision. It has a long recovery period and causes scarring, so nowadays, it is generally not preferred for varicocele treatment.
    • Microscopic varicocelectomy: It is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed by creating a microscopic (less than 1 mm.) incision on the scrotum. Then, the surgeon uses a microscope to locate and remove the veins. Since the incision is so small, it causes minimal scarring and provides a quicker recovery period.
    • Laparoscopic varicocelectomy: For laparoscopic surgery, the surgeon uses a laparoscope to visualize and treat all varicose veins separately by making a tiny incision on the belly to insert the laparoscope and other surgical instruments. Since it is also a minimally invasive procedure, it is also preferred over open varicocelectomy.

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    How Can One Prepare for Varicocele Surgery?

    For conservative treatment, you should consult with your vascular doctor about the precautions and preparations you should take. Some common precautions you may need to take before surgical treatment are:

    • Inform your surgeon about your complete medical history, including any medications or supplements you are taking.
    • If you have any blood-related disorders for which you are taking any blood thinners, you may have to stop them at least a few days before the surgery.
    • If the surgery is to be performed under general anesthesia, you should avoid food or drinks for at least 8 to 12 hours before the surgery. 
    • You may need some assistance for driving after the surgery to take you home, so arrange for someone to drive you.

    What to Expect After a Grade 2 Varicocele Treatment?

    A grade 2 varicocele can be managed medically, but if the pain is too much or if the patient’s fertility is being impacted, they may need surgical intervention. The recovery period is vastly different in both cases. 

    For conservative treatment, the varicocele pain can be managed. However, with surgical treatment, the patient will be hospitalized for 2-3 hours in a recovery room. After this, patients will be discharged on the same day.

    The patient can return to work within a few days of the surgery, especially if they have a desk job. They might have slight postoperative pain and swelling in the groin area for 3 to 4 weeks. This pain and discomfort can be managed through over-the-counter pain medication. Complete recovery after minimally invasive varicocelectomy may take at least 3-6 weeks.

    What Are the Benefits of Grade 2 Varicocele Treatment?

    Treatment for grade 2 varicocele treatment has various benefits such as:

    • It provides the patient with long-term relief from varicocele-related pain and discomfort.
    • It prevents testicular atrophy, which protects them from complications such as low testosterone, difficulty having sex, etc.
    • Varicocele removal helps maintain testosterone levels, improving the patient’s fertility.

    What Are the Recovery Tips a Patient Should Follow After Varicocele?

    If you undergo varicocele surgery, you should follow the given tips to aid your recovery:

    • Keep your incisions clean and dry. Change your bandages as directed by your surgeon. Do not swim, take a bath or perform any activity involving immersing your scrotum in water until the incisions have closed.
    • Avoid all strenuous activities or sports for at least 2-3 weeks after the surgery.
    • Take your medicines as prescribed to manage your pain and prevent postoperative infections.
    • Massage the operative region with an ice pack for at least 10 minutes several times daily to keep the postoperative swelling down.
    • Do not engage in sexual intercourse for at least 2 weeks after the surgery.
    • Follow a healthy diet and hydrate well.

    What Are the Risks Associated With Varicocele Surgery?

    Minimally invasive varicocelectomy is normally very safe. However, occasionally there may be complications during or after the surgery. Some potential risks of varicocelectomy are:

    • Bleeding 
    • Infection
    • Blood clot formation, i.e., deep vein thrombosis, which can lead to pulmonary embolism
    • Hydrocele formation
    • Bladder obstruction due to scarring
    • Injury to the testicle
    • Recurrence of the varicocele

    You should immediately connect with your doctor if you notice any complications like pus discharge, fever, unbearable pain and swelling, persistent nausea and vomiting, etc.

    FAQs around Grade 2 Varicocele

    Is varicocele grade 2 serious?

    No, generally, a grade 2 varicocele is not serious, but if the patient has fertility problems or severe pain, it can be considered a serious condition needing surgical treatment.

    Which foods should I avoid if I have varicocele?

    You should avoid unhealthy foods that contain refined carbohydrates, added sugar, canned and salty foods, etc., in case you have a varicocele. You should also control and manage lifestyle habits like smoking, drinking, etc.

    Can you live a normal life with varicocele?

    As long as the varicocele isn’t directly impacting your life, you can live with a varicocele without needing treatment.

    Can varicoceles disappear on their own?

    Varicoceles do not disappear on their own, nor can they be treated with any medicine. It can appear to be a little smaller when the patient isn’t exerting himself, but that is just a misconception.

    Which age group is affected by varicocele the most?

    Varicocele is most commonly found in 18-30-year-old men. Varicocele is a common after-effect of puberty, but it takes at least a few years for the condition to become noticeable enough that the patient would start noticing it.

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    Content Reviewed By
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    Dr. Amol Gosavi
    23 Years Experience Overall
    Last Updated : March 21, 2024

    Our Patient Love Us

    • LO

      Lokeshkumar

      5/5

      Good approach

      City : HYDERABAD
    • KK

      Kiran Kumar ms

      4/5

      Doctor good example

      City : BANGALORE
      Doctor : Dr. Sanjit Gogoi
    • KA

      Kunal Azad

      5/5

      Pristyn Care's varicocele treatment was a life-changer for me. Dealing with the discomfort and swelling in my scrotum was concerning, but their urology team was incredibly supportive and understanding. They recommended a personalized treatment plan to address my varicocele effectively. The procedure was performed with great care, and Pristyn Care's post-operative care was exceptional. Thanks to them, my varicocele symptoms have improved significantly, and I highly recommend Pristyn Care for their expert care

      City : THIRUVANANTHAPURAM
      Doctor : Dr. Gejo George Cedric
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      Lakshya Khandelwal

      5/5

      Facing the challenges of discomfort, Pristyn Care's treatment was a turning point in my journey to achieving wellness. Their expert team's guidance and modern techniques were evident. The procedure was prompt, and I've experienced remarkable reduction in discomfort. Pristyn Care specializes in enhancing health.

      City : MEERUT
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      Arijit Bansal

      5/5

      Pristyn Care's care and expertise during my varicocele surgery were outstanding. The doctors were compassionate and professional, explaining the procedure in a reassuring manner. They made sure I felt comfortable and prepared for the surgery. Pristyn Care's team provided attentive post-operative care, ensuring a smooth recovery. They followed up regularly and offered valuable advice. Thanks to Pristyn Care, my varicocele is now treated, and I am able to lead a pain-free and active life. I highly recommend Pristyn Care for their expertise and attentive care during varicocele surgery.

      City : BHOPAL
    • BN

      Brijmohan Nahar

      5/5

      My varicocele surgery journey at Pristyn Care was excellent. The doctors were skilled and caring, explaining the procedure and potential outcomes in a compassionate manner. They made me feel at ease and confident about the surgery. Pristyn Care's team provided exceptional post-operative care, ensuring my comfort and well-being during recovery. They were always available to address my concerns and provide support. Thanks to Pristyn Care, my varicocele is now treated, and I am grateful for their expert care during the surgery.

      City : BHUBANESWAR
      Doctor : Dr. Ravi Sharma