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What is IVF?

IVF, or in-vitro fertilization (इन विट्रो फ़र्टिलाइज़ेशन in Hindi), is the most common artificial reproductive procedure. As the name suggests, IVF is a reproductive technique where the fertilization of the female egg by the male sperm takes place in a glass dish or tube, and not inside a woman’s body. IVF is a series of complex procedures that help couples bear a child who cannot conceive one naturally. Since its introduction, more than 8 million IVF babies have been born all around the world. In non-medical terminology, IVF baby is also known as a test-tube baby – a term that was used decades ago to refer to a fertilization procedure in a tube.

Types of IVF protocols

Lupron Down-Regulation, or Long Lupron Protocol

Antagonist Protocol or Short Protocol

The Flare Protocol or Microdose Lupron Co-Flare Protocol

Mini IVF or Micro IVF Protocol

Estrogen Priming Protocol

When is IVF needed?

  • Damage or blockage in the fallopian tube
  • Ovulation disorders
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Low-quality sperm production
  • Any genetic disorder
  • Fertility preservation for cancer


Before proceeding with IVF treatment, it is important to determine where exactly the problem lies. Both the male and female partners need to undergo certain tests so that the infertility specialist can evaluate and determine the best treatment forward. In males, the IVF doctor would conduct a general physical exam of his overall health and then examine the genitals. Specific tests in the case of men before IVF may include:

Semen analysis – The IVF doctor may ask the men for sperm and semen samples. The semen is generally collected in the lab in a clean container by masturbating. The semen specimen is sent to the lab for analysis.

Hormone testing – A man might also be asked for a blood test through which the doctor may evaluate the level of testosterone and other males hormones in his body.

Imaging tests – In certain cases, the male is suggested to undergo imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI of his genitals to confirm if there is a presence of any abnormalities.

Vasography – This imaging test is done to check for any damage or blockage in the vas deferens, which is a long tube in males that connects the pelvic cavity to the epididymis. The vas deferens are responsible for transporting mature sperm to the urethra.

Testicular biopsy – A testicular biopsy is recommended to identify any abnormalities in the male reproductive system that might contribute to infertility.

Genetic testing – This test determines whether there’s a genetic defect that might contribute to infertility-related problems in a male.

Test of IVF

Risks & Complications

IVF is an advanced reproductive technique and when done under the guidance and assistance of expert infertility specialists, the chances of any serious complications are very, very rare. However, there is a possibility that a patient might suffer from the following complications during and after IVF treatment.

  • Bruising – There might be mild bruising and soreness at the injection sites during ovarian stimulation.
  • Reaction to medications – At the beginning of IVF, the patient is given a high dose of medications for several weeks. This may cause nausea and vomiting in several women.
  • Allergies – Many women complain of allergic reactions, itching, and redness at and around the injection site.
  • Reaction to hormonal imbalance – Due to the medications, the woman might suffer from breast tenderness, vaginal discharge, and unusual mood swings.
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHS) – OHS is an abnormal reaction to excess hormones. The condition occurs as a reaction to hormonal medications which are given to stimulate the development of eggs in the ovaries. In this condition, the ovaries become painful and tend to become swollen. In very rare situations, OHS can lead to kidney failure and blood clots in the ovaries.
  • Multiple births – In the case of IVF, there is a risk of multiple embryos getting transferred to the uterus. The transfer of multiple fetuses increases the risk of early labor.
  • Miscarriages – The rate of miscarriage in case of IVF is significantly higher than in normal pregnancies.

When to consult an IVF Specialist?

When you and your partner fail to conceive even after trying unprotected sex for one year, you should consider seeing an infertility specialist. You may try on your own for as long as you want, but getting medical help without delay is the best decision. If you have irregular periods, ovulation troubles, or your partner has a problem ejaculating, you should seek guidance from an IVF expert. If you have a heavy thyroid, it can whack your pregnancy outcome. In that case, too, you may need to check with an IVF specialist.

Questions To Ask Your IVF Specialist

What are the tests that I need to do before IVF?
How long should we try to conceive naturally before resorting to IVF?
What is the success rate of the clinic? How many couples have become parents through IVF treatment from the clinic?
What is the success rate of IVF treatment?
Will the specialist use my eggs in the process?
Can I follow any tips to enhance the success of my IVF treatment?
What if my treatment is not successful?
Will I face any complications during the process?
What is the cost of the treatment?
Will my treatment be covered under insurance?

Treatment options & cost

Cost of IVF in major cities of India

The below-mentioned table on the cost of IVF in some of the major Indian cities can help you get an estimate of IVF cost in India. It is to be noted that the average cost of one cycle of IVF treatment (in USD) may range from 1,364.65 – 6,823,23.

City Average cost of one cycle of IVF treatment (in INR)
Delhi  1,25,000 – 1,50,000
Bangalore 1,40,000 – 1,80,000
Hyderabad 1,40,000 – 1,80,000
Chennai 1,40,000 – 1,80,000
Mumbai 1,40,000 – 1,80,000
Pune 1,40,000 – 1,80,000


Latest Research

Cities Where We Treat Ivf


Is IVF painful?

IVF is not painful or discomforting. However, to many, the process might be tiring. Most patients do not feel any pain during any stage of the treatment. Some women, however, feel that the egg retrieval stage is a little painful. On the other hand, there are women who experience cramps and bloating during the ovarian stimulation phase – the beginning of the IVF cycle.

Where will the eggs/ sperm be stored?

There are specialized IVF labs (also known as embryology and andrology labs) where the eggs or the sperm are stored. The eggs and sperm are stored in liquid nitrogen in these labs so that the quality does not degrade. The specialized labs are designed in such a manner that the specimen does not lower the success rate of the process.

Will the treatment outcome be different if I use donor eggs or sperm?

No, using donor eggs or donor sperm will not bring any change in the outcome of the IVF treatment. The IVF specialist and the team along with lab assistant will freeze and thaw the specimen well so that it can be used whenever needed for a successful outcome.

Why do I need to have an ample amount of eggs during IVF treatment?

It is important to have a good amount of eggs while undergoing IVF treatment as there is no assurance to the human reproductive process. Some eggs might be immature, some eggs might not fertilize well normally. Most eggs do not lead to live births. So, in most cases, people require to undergo more than one IVF cycle. Hence, having a good egg reserve is important in the case of IVF.

Facts and statistics around IVF:


In 1986, the first test-tube baby in India was born to Mrs. Mani Chawda, a twenty-four-year-old housewife at KEM Hospital Bombay.
According to the report published by Allied Market Research, the India IVF Services Market garnered $478.2 million in 2018 and is expected to reach $1.45 billion by 2026.
According to the Indian Society of Assisted Reproduction, infertility currently affects about 10 to 14 percent of the Indian population.
According to WHO, more than 5 million children are born worldwide from ART interventions such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Estimates suggest that between 48 million couples and 186 million individuals live with infertility globally.


How To Find A Good IVF doctor?

IVF is a very critical journey. You cannot step into just any clinic and undergo the treatment. You need to do some groundwork, find out the best doctor, and make sure you are in the right hands. To get started, you can do the following:


  • Ask your primary care provider, general physician or family doctors for suggestions.
  • Make a list of the best IVF centers near your place; settling for one nearby can make a lot of things easier for you in the long run.
  • Ask friends who have undergone IVF earlier for recommendations.
  • Find out details of the IVF specialist, the team, and the clinic on the internet. Find out what people are talking about the doctor and the team at large.
  • Find out what the previous patients are talking about the IVF doctor on social platforms. Check for reviews and ratings.

Find out the doctor’s education and professional background, his/ her specialization, expertise, the number of IVF treatments they have offered, basically whatever you can to ensure that you are at the right place.


Why Choose Pristyn Care for IVF Treatment?

  • Pristyn Care works with some of the top IVF specialists/ infertility specialists of the country who have years of experience in leading couples to the joys of parenthood.
  • Pristyn Care is associated with the top hospitals and IVF labs in the country that are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities required to perform advanced IVF procedures.
  • IVF specialists working with Pristyn Care do a thorough consultation in the case of every patient to understand their problems, evaluate their health condition and then determine the treatment method that will work best.
  • Pristyn Care makes sure that the team is there for the patient throughout the treatment course. It is not just a treatment for us, it is a path to happiness, where every person involved works as a team.
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