Surgical Solutions for the Ear!

If your child has a chronic ear infection, the physical structure of ears, nose, and throat may be the problem. In such cases, an ENT specialist may recommend a safe, advanced, and proven procedure. The advanced daycare procedures have a very high success rate.

They can be performed on patients of all age group. Even though the procedures are suggested to the patients when all other treatments fail to deliver desired results. Mostly, chronic infections take time to heal or inflict pain. They need to be treated at the earliest.

ear disorders | ENT treatments | Ear problems | Surgical solution of ear

Is surgery needed for every ear disorder?

Most ear infections do not require medical intervention and resolve on their own within a few days. Experts recommend a wait of 48 hours before prescribing antibiotics in cases of an acute ear infection. A follow-up visit needs to be in check as sometimes even small cases turn severe and require immediate medical intervention. This is not unheard of in cases of illness in the ears, a condition turned severe without causing major pain or symptom.

ear disorders | ENT treatments | Ear problems | Surgical solution of ear

What are the courses of treatment?

Generally, two types of courses are suggested as per the condition of the patient: a medical or surgical treatment. An ear infection is one of the common causes of hearing the loss in children which may interfere with learning and speech development.

ear disorders | ENT treatments | Ear problems | Surgical solution of ear

In some cases, the hearing loss can be permanent. Through new, more effective treatment methods help patients with ear infections recover more quickly and with less pain.

Also Read: 3 Most Common Types of Ear Infections (Otitis Media)

Medical Treatment

ear disorders | ENT treatments | Ear problems | Surgical solution of ear
  • If the infection is from bacteria, an ENT specialist may prescribe antibiotics
  • If the infection is from a virus, your doctor may prescribe pain medicine to help make more comfortable while the virus runs its course as antibiotics won’t help

Surgical Treatment

If the ear infection is persistent or lasts for a long time, your doctor may suggest surgery. Considering advances in the medical industry, some high-precision surgical procedures are effective, safe and performed under 60-90 minutes using best-in-class medical devices.

ear disorders | ENT treatments | Ear problems | Surgical solution of ear

Surgical treatments often include the insertion of an ear ventilation tube in kids to let fluid drain or the removal of swollen or inflamed adenoids where bacteria can breed and block natural drainage into the throat.

What are the different surgical procedures of the ear?

Cochlear Implant Ear Surgery: A cochlear implant is a surgically-implanted electronic device to help provide sound to people with chronic hearing loss. This type of hearing loss is mostly caused by damage or a defect in the inner ear. Cochlear implants bypass damaged hair cells in the inner ear and stimulate the auditory nerve directly to send information to the brain.

Congenital Atresia Ear Reconstruction: Surgical repair for people who were born without certain parts of their ear’s anatomy, including the:

  • Ear canal
  • Tympanic membrane (eardrum)
  • Ossicular chain (middle ear bones of hearing)

Labyrinthectomy: A trans-mastoid surgical procedure that removes remaining inner ear balance function from the diseased ear causing vertigo and disequilibrium.

Myringotomy: The surgical procedure to open the eardrum and remove fluid from the middle ear. The surgeon inserts a small tube in the middle of the ear in some cases to maintain drainage. This surgery for otitis media is most often performed on children but is sometimes performed on adults.

Otologic Laser Procedures: Leveraging lasers with micro-millimeter spot size & accuracy, ENT surgeons can perform extremely delicate ear procedures minimizing trauma to the inner ear, compared to other surgical techniques.

Osseointegrated Bone Conduction Hearing System: The placement of bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) to the skull to transmit sound is the main aim of the surgical procedure. This implant allows sound to bypass the external auditory canal and middle ear.

Particle Repositioning Maneuver: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is caused by minute calcium crystals floating freely in the inner ear. This therapeutic maneuver redirects the particles back in the part of the inner ear where they belong.

Stapedectomy/Stapedotomy: Surgeons use this procedure to treat ear disorders, in which they remove the stapes bone and replace it with a prosthesis. The hearing may improve right away, if bleeding behind the eardrum gets persistent, this adversely affects the hearing. You should notice a significant improvement in hearing within 10 to 14 days after surgery.

Tympanoplasty: Surgery on the eardrum (tympanic membrane) and/or middle ear bones to restore the middle ear hearing mechanism.

Translabyrinthine: The surgeon removes the mastoid bone and bone in the inner ear for access to the ear canal to treat the patient. Surgeons use this approach when hearing is already minimal.

Retrosigmoid/Suboccipital: The surgeon makes an incision through an opening in the skull, behind the mastoid part of the ear. This helps view the facial nerve and save your hearing. The surgeon can use this approach for both large and small tumors.

Middle Fossa: The surgeon removes the tumor from the upper surface of the internal ear canal beyond the inner ear. This approach is used when there is a high probability that hearing may be preserved.

Final Words

Ear surgery is most commonly performed to improve hearing or alleviate pain due to otitis media, or to repair perforations. Less common surgeries are necessary to improve congenital deformities. Certain types of conductive hearing loss can also be repaired surgically. A thorough examination by an ENT physician and audiologist is necessary to determine if your hearing loss may be surgically improved.

Also Read: Can surgery help in ear infections or a punctured eardrum?

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