Endometriosis is a painful disorder in which tissue that behaves like the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus. This tissue is found in various places, like the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and pelvic lining, and can be in or around the bladder and bowel. The symptom includes pelvic pain or cramping usually associated with the menstrual period. Although, there is no treatment for endometriosis, some treatment options, and lifestyle changes can relieve your symptoms so that the problem does not interfere with your normal life.
A high intake of fresh fruits and green and leafy vegetables reduces the risk of endometriosis, while high consumption of red meat increases the risk. It is said that the high-fat content in red meat supports the production of prostaglandins in the body, which increases the estrogen level. The higher levels of estrogen may cause excess endometrial tissue growth. Diets rich in omega-3 oils also lower the risk of endometriosis
Women who exercise regularly are less prone to get endometriosis. Yoga also can stretch and strengthen your muscles, which may be beneficial for pelvic pain management and stress reduction.
Alternative therapies may help for treating endometriosis. There is a range of different complementary and alternative therapies available like acupuncture, Chinese herbal medicine and vitamins, and dietary supplements.
Your doctor may give you a list of treatments for endometriosis and summarize the risks and benefits of each according to your age, symptoms, whether you want to become pregnant, and any treatments that you have opted earlier. The treatments may include
Your doctor may recommend some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen or naproxen.
Hormone therapy can help to slow down endometrial tissue growth, stop new growth of endometrial tissue, and decrease or eliminate endometriosis-related pain.
If none of these work, your doctor may recommend surgery depending on the signs and symptoms, and your choice of becoming pregnant in the future.