Voice is the sound made by air passing from your lungs through your larynx, or voice box. In your larynx are your vocal cords, two bands of muscle that vibrate to make sound. For most of us, our voices play a big part in who we are, what we do, and how we communicate.
Voice disorder or change in voice is usually due to change in structure or function of vocal cords, this may be either sudden or progressive. This may be associated with throat pain, choking, difficulty in breathing, difficulty in swallowing, noisy breathing, blood in sputum.
Voice disorders occur mainly because of either sudden or progressive causes.
Sudden causes involve infection (laryngitis), trauma or paralysis of vocal cord whereas thyroid related diseases, vocal polyps, laryngeal tuberculosis, growth of vocal cord make for progressive causes.
You need to see a doctor as soon as you're noticing any of the symptoms.
Treatment is based on the nature of problem patient is facing. Laryngitis is managed conservatively with the help of antibiotics, oral steroids & painkillers. Cases of trauma can be treated with conservative medical management followed by microlaryngeal surgery, if required.
Polyps/Nodule usually called 'Singer's nodule' is very common in people who strain their voice professionally or for other reasons. The vocal cords develop a localized swelling which leads to change in voice. Possible treatment is speech therapy and microlaryngeal surgery which is exercised using microscope/telescope under vision in general anesthesia followed by medical management.
At Pristyn care, for Voice disorders we provide Microlaryngeal surgery, which is a minimally invasive procedure used for biopsy or remove abnormal growth such as granulomas or benign cysts in the larynx. It is performed through a laryngoscope, a thin-metallic tube with endoscope on the other end which allows the doctor to visualize the area with great precision.
We at Pristyn care take pride in being one of the most advanced laser treatment centers across the spectrum. Lasers are increasingly being used in laryngeal surgeries especially using CO2 laser. This technique has been found to be faster, safer resulting in lesser blood loss & speedy recovery time.